New Delhi: As per Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) released on June 22 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, approximately 440 million MPI poor people are living in eight major Indian states out of total of 1.6 billion people globally.
These states are Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
The multi-dimensional poverty headcount ratio is calculated as the ratio of the number of households who are 'multi-dimensionally poor' to the total number of households.
A household is defined as multi-dimensionally poor if it is deprived in some combination of two to six 'indicators' from among a list of 10 indicators in the areas of education, health and living standard.
These indicators are - years of schooling and child enrolment in the area of education, child mortality and nutrition in the area of health, and electricity, sanitation, drinking water, floor space, cooking fuel and assets in the area of living standard.
These poverty estimates has been computed from the Large Sample Surveys on Household Consumer Expenditure carried out by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation once in five years. The latest data of Large Sample Survey on Household Consumer Expenditure has been collected by NSSO in its 68th round conducted in 2011-12.